Bicycle Motocross or bike motocross, abbreviated as BMX, is a sport involving off-road tracks and bicycles. They tend to be lighter than motorcycles and mountain bikes, but a suspension system that enables riders to launch and land big air tricks. The sport hosts racing on off-road tracks and freestyle events, where riders perform tricks and receive points based on technicality and style. 

The origin of the sport dates back to the 1950s in the Netherlands. Motorsport was conducted on the dirt, which was very quickly followed by kids doing the same races on bikes. The freestyle version of the sport started in the mid-1970s in San Diego, California when people took their bikes to skate parks and started to perform tricks on the ramps, quarter pipes, boxes and handrails. Similarly to skateboarding, BMX also events in Big Air (where they launch down a giant ramp and then send a difficult trick high into the air) and Vert, which is a discipline in which they perform a series of back-and-forth tricks on the steep vert ramp. 

The racing type of BMX made its debut in the Olympics in the year 2008 and has been a regular recurrence ever since. Other major competitions include UCI BMX World Championship and UCI BMX Supercross. UCI (Union Cycliste Internationale), which is the governing body of all the cycling sports, conducts BMX freestyle World Cup as the biggest sporting event of the sport. The event is divided into three phases, the qualifying round, the semi-finals, and the finals. Several judges are present to evaluate a rider based on executed tricks. BMX Freestyle is being added to the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo.

There are 5 major BMX freestyle disciplines:

•    Street – Making use of the urban and public spaces. Tricks are performed on curbs, handrails, stairs, ledges, and banks.

•    Park – riding in skateparks.

•    Vert – performing tricks in a half-pipe containing 2 quarter-pipes set facing each other. Riders jump from these ramps and turn 180 degrees.

•    Trails – often termed as “dirt jumping”, the paths are made of heavily compacted dirt.

•    Flatland – the tricks performed on flat, smooth surfaces like a parking lot or a basketball court.


The rules of the BMX races are simple: bikes line up on the start in their own lane and race in a single lap on a course with banked corners and jumps, the first one crossing the line wins.